Industrial risks and Atmospheric air quality in industrial centres

Institute for Water and Environmental Problems, SB RAS, Barnaul

Head of the Institute:

Yuri I.Vinokurov, Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor
105 Papanintsev St., Barnaul, 656099, Russia
Office phone: (8-385-2) 367849
email: iwep@iwep.secna.ru

Principal researchers:

I.A.Sutorikhin, Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Atmosphere Ecology Laboratory
V.V.Kirillov, Ph.D., Head of the Water Ecology Laboratory;
A.A.Ushakov, researcher

Project objectives

To study adverse effects of microelements (aerosol gaseous toxicants), high concentrations) in the surface layer of the atmosphere at industrial centres on infant morbidity.

Background and significance of objectives

Since 1992 monitoring studies on concentrations of toxic microelements (aerosol gaseous substances) in surface atmospheric layer have been carried out in Barnaul using a mobile laboratory and fixed posts. Barnaul paediatric district sites presenting their information and databank on infant morbidity was created. It was found out that among chronic non-infectious diseases the first place belongs to diseases of the nervous system 28.1%; then follow diseases of digestive organs 19.2%; diseases of respiratory organs 12.3%; diseases of urogenital and reproductive organs 10.5%. As for pathology acquired by children the first place is taken by diseases of the nervous system (28.1%); the second - diseases of digestive organs (19.2%); diseases of respiratory organs (12.9%) and diseases of urogenital and reproductive organs (10.5%). The third place belongs to diseases of osteomuscular system and connective tissue (4.9%); cardiovascular system (4.3%); blood diseases and organs of hemopoiesis (2.9%); skin and subcutaneous fat diseases (2.6%). Then the diseases of the endocrine system and metabolism (1.3%) as well as mental disorders (1.1%) follow. The data obtained testify that infant morbidity in Barnaul depends on the industrial aerogenic load that effects as infantine morbidity spread as its structure change.

Research plan: approaches and methods

Expected results

It is expected that the pathogenic trend of toxic microelements effect in atmospheric aerosol can be presented as follows:

microelements of atmospheric aerosol ? total mutageneous activity ? accumulation in placental tissue under essential microelements decrease ? intoxication of fetus ? increase in spontaneous abortions number and congenital development defects ? decrease in resistance of new-borns ? increase of infant morbidity and sensitivity to meteoclimatic factors ? high infant morbidity in the zone characterised by stressed industrial load ? micronuclear level in exfoliative infant cells.

The applied estimation system is based on use of systematisation that makes it possible to establish the areas with different levels of microelement pollution of atmosphere on the territory under study; to distribute the infant contingent according to general morbidity and pathology of organs and systems; to assign pregnant women according to the level of microelements accumulation in placental tissue; to reveal pathologies distinguished by significant genetic components.

List of publications of participants related to the project

 

Structure of pathology acquired by children in Zheleznodorozhny district of Barnaul city