An integrated evaluation of level and structure of the biodiversity of arthropod communities in Western Siberia
Institute for Systematics and Ecology of Animals, SB RAS, Novosibirsk
Head of the Institute:
Vadim I.Evsikov, Corresponding Member of the RAS, Professor
11 Frunze Str., Novosibirsk, 630091, Russia
Tel: +7 (3832) 170-973
Fax: +7 (3832) 170-973
V.G.Mordkovitch, Doctor of Sciences, Professor, Director of the Zoological Museum
V.V.Dubatolov, Ph.D., senior researcher of the Zoological Museum
I.I.Lyubechansky, Ph.D., scientific researcher of the Zoological Museum
R.Y.Dudko, Ph.D., junior researcher of the Zoological Museum
Comparison of standard and specially devised parameters of biodiversity
over about 180 invertebrate families in relation to a range of environmental gradients
(latitudinal-zonal, altitudinal-zonal and catena gradients), including those related to
anthropogenic disturbance (management gradient).
Background and significance of objectives
Collections and relevant information:
- The Zoological Museum houses a unique collection of about 2 million samples and 25.000
identified species from Siberia and neighbouring areas.
- Information on the distribution of more than 11.000 invertebrate species in Western
Siberia accumulated in personal and general datasets of the museum staff, including eight
PhD theses prepared and defended in the museum by young researchers over the past five
years (chiefly unpublished yet).
- Earlier literature accounts on separate invertebrate groups (primarily insects) were
published in the museum, for instance, the six-volume edition on the Cerambicidae in
Northern Asia (1976-1985) by A. I. Tcherepanov; The gamasid mites of Western Siberia
(1968) by M. S. Davydova and V. V. Nikol’sky; etc.
Ground for the aims:
- With the abundance of particular data and a good collection, there is no standard and
integrated evaluation of the level, taxonomic or chorological structure of the
biodiversity of arthropod communities in the largest Asian region like Western Siberia.
The lack of inventories and sometimes exact identification of species prevents the
monitoring and maintenance of the ecosystems occurring in areas with intensive land-use
- Western Siberia is characterised by having an ideally flat surface and the unique
distinct zonality, with a wide set of environmental, landscape and management variables.
Western Siberia is bounded in the south-east by the Altai-Sayany mountains, which show a
distinct altitudinal zonality and stand in the “crossroad” of many zoogeographical
provinces. Thus, Western Siberia represents a unique natural training ground for revealing
regularities in spatial and structural patterns of the biodiversity across the vast (and
still undisturbed in many respects) area from north to south.
Research plan: approaches and methods
General approaches to be used:
- A gradient analysis of biodiversity parameters across a set of natural ecological
variables like the catena, latitudinal-zonal and altitudinal-zonal rows of landscapes and
ecosystems. Special surveys will also be carried out across the management gradient, i.e.
analysis of the biodiversity of invertebrate communities (in representative groups like
the carabids, tenebrionids and others) over a variety of different management intensities
(e.g. Figs. 1-2).
- Main biodiversity parameters to be evaluated are: 1) species richness; 2) the taxonomic
pattern, i.e. the composition of taxa; 3) the taxonomic originality, i.e.
the proportion of exclusive (indicator) species compared to the whole number of species
found; 4) the quantitative coefficient of endemism; 5) the ecological structure of
communities (e.g. composition of life forms, patterns of habitat changes, etc.); and
- Methods of the multivariate statistics (e.g. Detrended Correspondence Analysis,
Principal Component Analysis, etc.) will be used as indirect gradient ordination
- Mobilisation and critical selection of literature, collection and own data;
- Evaluation of species richness, population and biomass of invertebrate animals of
particular taxonomic groups and totally in separate landscapes, latitudinal zones and
- Comparison of the main parameters of biodiversity (see 7.1) in the latitudinal-zonal
gradient of the environment from the Yamal tundra to Kazakhstan steppes and in the
altitudinal-zonal row of the Altai-Sayany mountains using modern statistical techniques.
- Ecological ordination of key taxa being considered worthwhile indicator groups for
monitoring the relative quality of ecosystems and their components.
- Evaluation of spatial-time distribution of insects and its changes in response to
different types of disturbance and land use (by the example of representative groups like
Carabidae, Tenebrionidae, etc.).
- Information on the museum collection (with a detailed catalogue of species) and the
bibliography of the museum staff. In case of additional financial support these data will
be made downloadable from the Internet site of the Zoological Museum (http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/szmn/).
- Time table: 2-3 years.
A review of the population and species richness of about 180
invertebrate families, with an integrate evaluation of taxonomic composition, level,
zoogeographical and ecological-geographic structure of biodiversity of Western Siberia (in
the first steps as separate issues, further as summary monographs). Taxonomic groups
(number of families is given in brackets): arachnida: gamasid (12) and oribatid (63)
mites; insects: Collembola (17), Hemiptera (21), Diptera (5), Lepidoptera (35), Coleoptera
(18), Hymenoptera (3).
Monograph: Mordkovich V.G., Lyubechansky I.I. & Dudko R.Yu. The
carabid beetles of Western Siberia: diversity, ecological ordination, communities,
indicating potential. (Half ready, 20 quires). Contents: 1) Taxonomic review and analysis;
2) Originality and endemism of the fauna; 3) Regularities in changing of species richness
in relation to the environmental gradients; 4) Ecological ordination of species in
zonal-catena matrix of the environment; 5) Spatial structure of communities; 6) Temporal
(daily, seasonal, annual) dynamics; 7) Indicating potential of species; 8) Indication of
soils and soil processes; 9) Indication of a quality of ecosystems following ploughing up;
10) Ditto following the pasture impact; 11) Ditto in the areas of oil and gas production;
12) Indication of restoring ecosystems.
An up-to-date synopsis dealing with the biodiversity, population,
biomass and structure of soil invertebrate communities in Western Siberia in comparison
with those in neighbouring regions (Central and Eastern Siberia, The Russian Far East and
the Eastern Europe) and in relation to the coordinate grid at about 30° intervals along
the longitude axis. Volume: 2-2.5 quires.
List of publications of participants related to the project
150 papers and books connected with the present project have so far
been published; selected bibliography is given below.
Mordkovich V.G. Peculiarities of the soil zoobiome in Siberia // Soil
Sciences. – 1985. – ¹ 7. – P. 840-849 (in Russian).
Mordkovich V.G., Lyubechansky I.I. Zonal-catena order in the
ecological ordination of the carabid communities (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Western
Siberia // Progr. in Modern Biology. – 1998. – ¹ 2. – P. 205-215 (in Russian).
Lyubechansky I.I., Mordkovich V.G. A classification of ecological
groups of ground dwelling animals by the example of the carabid beetles in Western Siberia
// Siberian Biology. – 1997. – ¹ 6. – P. 597-608 (in Russian).
Dubatolov V.V. A list of Arctiinae of the territory of the former
USSR (Lepidoptera, Arctiinae). Three contribution to the knowledge of palearctic Arctiinae
// Neue Entomologische Nachrichten. – 1996. – Bd. 37. – S. 39-87.
Fig. 1. Patterns of habitat change in the
carabid beetles in zonal-catena gradient.
Fig. 2. Changes of carabid community
parameters across the succession on disposal areas of KATEK.