Plant genepool

kiseleva@bionet.nsc.ru 

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Plant photos:

1. The Chinese onion 
(Alleum Chinensis)

2. Common yarrow 
(Achillea millefolium)

3. Lupinus polyphyllus 
Lindl.

4. Ural licorice 
(Glycyrriza uralensis Fisch)

5. The Altai onion 
(Allium altaicum L.)

6. (Astragalus uliginosus L.) 

7. Perforated silphia 
(Silphium prfoliatum L.)

8. White mustard 
(Sinapis alba L.)

Description

Western Siberia and especially mountain Altai are still a rich source of plant resources despite the on-growing anthropogenic impact on the nature. There are 2000 plant species from 97 families in mountain Altai, 212 species (11% out of the total) being endemic. To preserve this treasure to be used by human is one of the most important tasks of biological science. The Institute of Cytology and genetics, SB RAS has been carrying out research in fodder and medicinal plant genepool collection, studies and preservation. About 5000 accessions including 125 species from 25 families have been gathered for this period. Based on the studies of collection accessions in the field and laboratories, potential donors of economic traits have been detected for their further use in breeding.

Fodder Plant Collection
marsh milk vetch (Astragalus uliginosus) 
common sloughgrass (Bekmania eruciformus) 
woad (Isatis Tinctoria) 
Vicia sepium
Vicia crassa
Siberian black-eyed Susan (Clynelimus sibiricus) 
Elimus junceus
white sweetclover (Melilotus albus) 
cock's foot (Dactilis glomerata) 
crested wheat-grass (Agropiron cristatum) 
reedgrass (Phalaroides arudinacea) 
reed clover (Trifolium pratense) 
awnless brome grass (Bromopsis inermis) 
meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) 
sun-dial lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) 
yellow lucerne (Medicago falcata) 
Medicago sativabird's foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) 
meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis) 
reed fescue (Festuca arundinacea) 
fiorin (Agrostis alba) 
Agropirum glaucum
Virginian mallow (Sida hermaphrodita) 
cup plant (Silfium perfoliatum) 
timothy (Phleum pretensis) 
Phleum phleoides) 
meadow peavine (Lathirus silvestris)
Siberian sainfoir (Onobrichis sibiricum) 
kidney vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria) 
Hordeum sativum
short-awned barley (hordeum brevisubulatum) 
wild barley (Hordeum jubatum) 

Medicinal Plant Collection
medicinal sweetclover (Melilotus officinalis) 
medicinal angelica (Angelica archangelica) 
pot majoram (Origanum vulgare) 
Litospermum arvense) 
perforated St. John's wort (Hipercum perforatum) 
medicinal burnet (Saguisorba officinalis) 
sweet-scented onion (Allium odorum) 
common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
common yarrow (Achillea millefolium) 
Amaranthus caudatus
Raponticum carthamoides
Rodiola rosea
Thermopsis alternifloraChinese mustard (Brassica juncea) 
Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocefalum moldavica) 
Melissa officinalis peppermint (Mentha piperita) 
common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) 
Jacob's ladder (Polemonium coeruleum) 
Ural licorice (Clycyrrhiza uralensis) 
leather bergenia (Bergenia crassifolia) 
monk's rubarb (Rumex confertus) 
the Altai rhubarb (Pheum altaicum) 
spotted ladysthumb (Polygonum persicaria) 
black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) 
Astragalus jalcatus
wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) 
Alpine hedysarum (Hedisarum alpinum) 
bear's garlic (Allium victorialis) 
Lobel's false hellebore (Veratrum lobelianum) 

Gathered accessions are being preserved in living collections sown in the special experimental field and also in the seedbank. Living collections have been identified on their botanic classification and ecological characters. Besides, duration of vegetation period, seed and green stuff productivity, resistance to fungus and viral disease have been studied in each accession. Biochemical composition (content of protein, carotene, ascorbic acid, etc) has been studied in part of accessions. Componential analysis of seed reserve proteins has been carried out for some species.

Technical-Economic Advantages

Genetic resources and, particularly, the genepool being established can be of great importance for introduction and re-introduction of species sometime having been cultivated by man but forgotten in the course of time. Amaranth which the world has returned in 300 years is such an example. Currently established seed collections and banks could be most important in the future.
Based on the observed processes of biodiversity reduction and the increase of the share of the so-called weed species (floral bonalisation), it is possible to prognose the necessity of artificial phytocenoses with certain ration of various plant species. Then established seedbanks will be invaluable to mankind.

Fields of Application

  • Agriculture,

  • medicine, pharmacology,

  • food industry

    Level and Location of Practical Realisation

    Fields for growing medicinal plants (raw material) for odered sale from 0.5-1 ton of dried green stuff. Matching herbs for making fast-regenerating pastures with most valuable plants for cattle feeding is possible for regions with certain weather and soil composition.

    Patent(s)

    May not be Patent(s)ed

    Commercial Proposals

    Agreement on growing medicinal plant raw material.
    Agreement on making fast-regenerating pastures.

    Price List

    To be determined during negotiations.

    Contacts:

    Anatoly V. Zheleznov
    Candidate of Biological Sciences (PhD)
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics
    10 Lavrentiev ave.,
    Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    Phone: +7(383) 333-30-06
    Fax: +7(383) 333-12-78 
    E-mail: kiseleva@bionet.nsc.ru